Starting a third day visiting to Gonio Fortress, which is the oldest fortress in Georgia. The name derives from one of the characters of the myth of the Argonauts. The earliest archeological layers date back to the 8th and 7th century BC. A cemetery of the 5th century BC, south of the castle, was established by the Colchic kingdom (one of the Georgian kingdoms). Gonio became a center of roman culture and imperial power (with up to 1500 soldiers) until the 4th century, featuring a theater and a hippodrome. In the mid 6th century, Gonio became a byzantine stronghold, in the 12th century a part of the Georgian kingdom. In the 16th century, an ottoman garrison was stationed in Gonio.
Continue through the territory of Mtirala is constructed by volcanic-sedimentary rocks. Mount Mtirala is located between the Black Sea and Achara mountain system on the watershed of Chakvistskali and Koraghitskali. These Mountains intercept the humid air from the Black Sea and determine Achara's very humid climate. Generally, Achara is rich in atmospheric precipitation but the Mount Mtirala, height of which is 1381 m above sea level, is the most abundant with precipitation. Annual precipitation reaches to 4520 mm here, due to which the Mount Mtirala is considered as one of the wettest sites not only in Achara but in our country as well. Having a chance to take an amzing photos of wonderful nature and beyonds.
Get familiar wit the history of Petra fortress, located in Tsikhisdziri on the rocky hill near overlooking the black sea. It was built in the 6th century AD by Justinian I, Byzantine Emperor. The city is in ruins as you can see from the video but it’s still impresses its guests all over the world.